Spree killer, John Allen Muhammad, was born: December 31, 1960, died: November 10, 2009. John Muhammad had a younger partner, Lee Boyd
Malvo, together committed the 2002 Beltway sniper attacks, killing 10 people.
Muhammad and Malvo were arrested for the attacks on October 24, 2002. Born as John Allen Williams, Muhammad joined the Nation of Islam in
1987 and then changed his name to Muhammad. At Muhammed's trial, Malvo describe the murders as part of a Jihad. The prosecutor said that the
shootings were part of a plot to kill his ex-wife and regain custody of his children, but the judge ruled that there was insufficient evidence to
support that argument. At his trial, Muhammad was found guilty was found guilty of capital murder. Four months later he was sentenced to death.
remained pending at the time of his execution. Muhammad was executed by means of lethal injection on November 10, 2009. Muhammad declined
to make a final statement.
Beltway sniper shootings
Muhammad was caught and arrested in Maryland, where most of the attacks and murders took place. But the case was resigned and took place in
In October 2003, Muhammad went on trial for the murder of Dean Meyers at a Prince William County service station. Muhammad was charged with
murder, terrorism, conspiracy and the illegal use of a firearm, and was facing a possible death sentence. Prosecutors said the shootings were part
of a plot to extort $10 million from local and state governments.
Over 130 witnesses were called and more than 400 pieces of evidence were introduced, intended to prove in
Muhammad's car, that was linked by ballistics tests not only to 8 of the 10 killings in the Washington and 2
others, in Louisiana and Alabama; the car itself, which was modified so that a sniper could shoot from inside
the trunk; and a laptop computer, also found in the car, that contained maps with icons pinpointing shooting
There were also witness accounts that put Muhammad across the street from one shooting and his car near
the scene of several others. Also a recorded phone call to the police in which a man, his voice identified by a
detective as Muhammad's, demanded money in exchange for stopping the shootings.
One attempt Muhammad's defense made was asking the court to drop the capital murder charges, although Malvo's fingerprints were on the
Bushmaster rifle found in Muhammad's car, and genetic material from Muhammad himself was also discovered on the rifle, but the defense
contended that Muhammad could not be put to death under Virginia's "trigger-man law" unless he actually pulled the trigger to kill Meyers, and no
one testified that they saw him do so.
On November 17, 2003, Muhammad was convicted of all four counts in the indictment against him: capital murder for the shooting of Dean H.
Meyers; Virginia's anti terrorism statute, for homicide committed with an intent to terrorize the government or the public at large; conspiracy to
commit murder; and the illegal use of a firearm. In the penalty phase of the trial, the jury after five hours of deliberation, unanimously
recommended that Muhammad should be sentenced to death. On March 9, 2004, a Virginia judge agreed with the jury's recommendation and
sentenced John Allen Muhammad to death.
On April 22, 2005, the Virginia Supreme Court affirmed his death penalty, stating that Muhammad could be sentenced to death because the
murder was part of an act of terrorism. The court also rejected an argument by defense lawyers that he could not be sentenced to death because
he was not the trigger man in the killings done by Muhammad and his young accomplice Lee Boyd Malvo. Virginia Supreme Court Justice Donald W.
Lemons said at the time, "With calculation, extensive planning, premeditation and ruthless disregard for life, Muhammad carried out his cruel
scheme of terror."
In 2003, Malvo and Muhammad were named in a major civil lawsuit by the Legal Action Project of the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence on
behalf of two of the victims who were seriously wounded and the families of those murdered. Co-defendants Bull's Eye Shooter Supply and
Bushmaster Firearms, Inc. contributed to a $2.5 million out-of-court settlement 2004.
On September 16, 2009, a Virginia judge set a November 10, 2009, execution date for Muhammad. On November 9, 2009, the Supreme Court of
the United States refused a last-minute appeal. On November 10, hours before Muhammad's scheduled execution, pleas for clemency were denied
by Virginia Governor Tim Kaine.
Under Virginia law, an inmate is allowed to choose the method by which he or she will be put to death, either lethal injection or the electric chair.
Because Muhammad declined to select a method, by law, the method of lethal injection was selected for him.
The execution began at 9:00 PM EST at the Greensville Correctional Center in Jarratt, Virginia. According to the official statement of the prison
spokesperson, the actual lethal injection process started at 9:06 pm EST. He was then pronounced dead at 9:11 PM EST; he declined to make a
John Allen Muhammad
Copyright 2012 More Than Horror. All rights reserved
Muhammad's birth name was John Allen Williams and born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He later enlisted in the Louisiana Army National Guard in
1979 and, after seven years of service, he volunteered for active duty in 1986. In 1987 he joined the Nation of Islam. He qualified with the Army's
standard infantry rifle the M16, earning the Expert Rifleman's Badge. This rating is the Army's highest of three levels of marksmanship for a basic
soldier. He served in the Gulf War and discharged from military service, as a sergeant, in 1994. Muhammad kidnapped his children and brought
them to Antigua around 1999, fraudulently using credit card and immigration documents. During this time is when he became close with Lee Boyd
Malvo, who later was his partner in the killings. Williams changed his name to John Allen Muhammad in October 2001.After his arrest for the
shootings, One of Malvo's psychiatric witnesses testified in his trial that Muhammad had indoctrinated him into believing that the proceeds of the
extortion attempt would be used to begin a new nation of only young, "pure" black people somewhere in Canada.
A priest called the police and gave them a lead to check out a liquor store robbery/murder that had occurred in
Montgomery, Alabama. Investigators responding to the crime scene and found the suspects had dropped a
magazine with his fingerprints on it. The finger prints were identified as belonging to a 17-year-old Jamaican
immigrant, Lee Boyd Malvo. Malvo was known to associate with Muhammad. They had lived together in
Tacoma, Washington for around one year, where Malvo used the alias John Lee Malvo. Muhammad's
identification led the police to discover that he had purchased a former police car, a blue Chevrolet Caprice, in
New Jersey on September 11, 2002. A lookout broadcast to the public on that vehicle resulted in their arrest
when it was spotted parked in a Interstate 70 rest stop in Myersville, Maryland.
Listed in chronological order, these are the names of the victims who were murdered or wounded in the
Beltway sniper attacks.
Name Age Status Date of Attack Location
James Martin 55 Killed October 2, 2002, 6:04 PM Wheaton, Maryland
James Buchanan 39 Killed October 3, 2002, 7:41 AM Rockville, Maryland
Premkumar Walekar 54 Killed October 3, 2002, 8:12 AM Aspen Hill, Maryland
Sarah Ramos 34 Killed October 3, 2002, 8:37 AM Silver Spring, Maryland
Lori Ann Lewis-Rivera 25 Killed October 3, 2002, 9:58 AM Kensington, Maryland
Pascal Charlot 72 Killed October 3, 2002, 9:20 PM Washington, D.C.
Caroline Seawell 43 Survived October 4, 2002, 2:30 PM Fredericksburg, Virginia
Iran Brown 13 Survived October 7, 2002, 8:09 AM Bowie, Maryland
Dean Harold Meyers 53 Killed October 9, 2002, 8:18 PM Manassas, Virginia
Kenneth Bridges 53 Killed October 11, 2002, 9:40 AM Fredericksburg, Virginia
Linda Franklin 47 Killed October 14, 2002, 9:19 PM Falls Church, Virginia
Jeffrey Hopper 37 Survived October 19, 2002, 8:00 PM Ashland, Virginia
Conrad Johnson 35 Killed October 22, 2002, 5:55 AM Aspen Hill, Maryland
Victims that also linked to Muhammad and Malvo:
Jerry Ray Taylor
Paul La Ruffa
Claudine Lee Parker
Hong Im Ballenger
Wright Williams, Jr.
Billy Gene Dillon
In May 2005, Maryland and Virginia reached an agreement to allow his extradition to face Maryland
charges, but Muhammad was fighting the action legally. He was held at the maximum security Sussex
I State Prison near Waverly in Sussex County, Virginia, which houses Virginia's death row inmates.
While awaiting execution in Virginia, in August 2005, he was extradited to Montgomery County,
Maryland to face charges there.
On May 30, 2006, a Maryland jury found John Allen Muhammad guilty of six counts of murder in
Maryland. In return, he was sentenced to six consecutive life terms without possibility of parole on
June 1, 2006. Neither Alabama, Arizona, Louisiana, or Washington State moved to try Muhammad,
given his death sentence for murder in Virginia. In 2006, Malvo confessed that the pair also killed
victims in California, Arizona, and Texas, making 17 victims.
On May 6, 2008, it was revealed that Muhammad asked prosecutors in a letter to help him end legal
appeals of his conviction and death sentence "so that you can murder this innocent black man."
An appeal filed by Muhammad's defense lawyers in April 2008 cited evidence of brain damage that would render Muhammad incompetent to make
legal decisions, and that he should not have been allowed to represent himself at his Virginia trial.
On September 16, 2009, Muhammad's execution date was set for November 10, 2009. On November 9, 2009, Muhammad's death sentence
appeal was denied by the US Supreme Court. Justice Stevens, joined by Justices Ginsburg and Sotomayor, wrote a separate opinion stating that
Virginia's rush to set an execution date "highlights once again the perversity of executing inmates before their appeals process have been fully
concluded", while noting that they concurred with the decision that the appeal ought not be heard.