Dennis Andrew Nilsen (born 23 November 1945 in Fraserburgh, Scotland) also known as the Muswell Hill Murderer and the Kindly Killer is a British
serial killer who lived in London.
Nilsen killed at least fifteen men and boys in gruesome circumstances between 1978 and 1983, and was known to retain corpses for sex acts. He
was eventually caught after his disposal of dismembered human entrails blocked his household drains: the drain cleaning company found that the
drains were congested with human flesh and contacted the police.
Owing to the similarities between their crimes, sexuality and lifestyle, Nilsen has been referred to as the "British Jeffrey Dahmer."
Nilsen was born at 10 High Street, Strichen, Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire to a Scottish mother, Betty Whyte, and a Norwegian father, Olav Magnus
Moksheim, who adopted the surname Nilsen. His father was an alcoholic and his parents divorced when he was four years old. His mother
remarried and sent her son to his grandparents, but after a couple of years he was sent back to his mother again. Nilsen claimed the first
traumatic event to shape his life came about when he was a small child, when his beloved grandfather died of a heart attack in October 1951. His
strict Catholic mother reportedly insisted that he view the body before burial. During his childhood, she and his stepfather frequently lectured him
about the "impurities of the flesh".
Army service and move to London
In 1961, Nilsen left school and enlisted in the British Army where he became a cook in South Yemen, Cyprus, Berlin, Germany and the Shetland
Islands. He served in the army for 11 years, earning a General Service Medal before being discharged, at his own request, in November 1972. In
December 1972, he joined the Metropolitan Police, and was posted to Willesden, London in 1973. Nilsen served eight months as a police officer
From 1974, Nilsen worked as a civil servant in a jobcentre in London's Kentish Town. He was also active in the trade union movement, even
going on other people's picket lines in solidarity. In November, 1975, Nilsen moved into Melrose Avenue in the Cricklewood district of London.
Murders and arrest
Nilsen is known to have killed 15 men and boys. Most of his victims were students or homeless men. He picked them up in bars or on the streets
and brought them to his house. He strangled and drowned his victims during the night. He used his butchering skills, which he gained from his
time as a cook in the army, to help him dispose of the bodies. The bodies were not immediately dismembered, but were kept, sometimes for
several months, in different locations in his home, usually under the floorboards. Nilsen was known to engage in sex acts with the corpses.
He had access to a large garden when living at 195 Melrose Avenue, Cricklewood, North West London. He was able to burn many of the remains
in a bonfire. Entrails were dumped over the garden fence to be eaten by wildlife.
In October 1981, Nilsen moved several miles eastwards to an attic flat at 23 Cranley Gardens, Muswell Hill. Nilsen did not have access to a garden
at his new address and the flat itself did not have floorboards. This meant that as his murders continued, he found it difficult to dispose of the
remains and had bin bags full of human organs stored in his wardrobe. Neighbours had begun to notice the smell. Three people were murdered at
this address, and all were stored in cupboards and chests. Nilsen attempted to dispose of the bodies by boiling the heads, hands and feet to
remove the flesh and by chopping the entrails into small pieces and flushing them down the toilet. When he tried to dispose of the bodies by
flushing them down the toilet, he blocked the sewers of the flats.
His murders were first discovered by Dyno-Rod, a drain cleaning company responding to a blocked drain. The company found the drain was packed
with a flesh-like substance. The drain inspector then called his supervisor, but no assessment was made until the next day, by which time the
drain had been cleared. This aroused the suspicions of the drain inspector and his supervisor, who immediately called the police. Upon closer
inspection, some small bones and what looked like chicken flesh were found in a pipe leading off from the drain, with rats feeding on them; the
remains were passed to pathologist Professor David Bowen who advised that they were human. Detective Chief Inspector Peter Jay was called
to the scene with two colleagues and waited outside until Nilsen returned home from work. As they entered the building DCI Jay introduced
himself to Nilsen and explained that he had come about his drains. Nilsen asked why would the police be interested in his drains and also if the
two officers were health inspectors. He was told they were police colleagues and given their names. They then climbed the stairs together and as
they entered the flat DCI Jay immediately smelled rotting flesh. Nilsen queried why the police would be interested in his drains, so the officer told
him they were filled with human remains. "Good grief, how awful!" exclaimed Nilsen. "Don't mess about, where's the rest of the body?" replied
Jay. Nilsen responded calmly, admitting that they were in two plastic bags in his wardrobe. He was then arrested and cautioned on suspicion of
murder and taken to the police station. On the way back to the station, Nilsen was asked how many bodies they were talking about and replied
"15 or 16, since 1978".
Nilsen later apologised to the police for not being able to tell them the exact number of people he had killed. When his flat was searched they
found human remains inside a tea-chest in a wardrobe. His former address was also searched, and numerous small bone fragments were found in
the garden of his former address.
Stephen Dean Holmes: Nilsen's first murder took place on 30 December 1978. Nilsen claimed to have met his first victim in a gay bar. Nilsen
strangled him with a necktie until he was unconscious and then drowned him in a bucket of water. On 12 January 2006, it was announced that
the victim had been identified as Stephen Dean Holmes, who was born on 22 March 1964 and was therefore only 14 at the time; Holmes had
been on his way home from a concert. On 9 November 2006, Nilsen finally confessed to the murder of Holmes in a letter sent from his prison cell to
the Evening Standard. Nilsen was not charged for the murder as the Crown Prosecution Service decided that a prosecution would not be in the
Between the first and second murders, Nilsen attempted to murder Andrew Ho, a student from Hong Kong he had met in The Salisbury public
house in St. Martin's Lane. Although afterwards he confessed to the police about the incident no charges were brought and Nilsen was not
Kenneth Ockendon: The second victim was 23-year-old Canadian student Kenneth Ockendon. Nilsen met the tourist in a pub on 3 December 1979
and escorted him on a tour of Central London, after which they went back to Nilsen's flat for another drink. Nilsen strangled him with the cord of
his headphones whilst Ockendon was listening to a record. Ockendon was one of the few murder victims who was reported as a missing person.
Martyn Duffey: Martyn Duffey was a 16-year-old runaway from Birkenhead. On 17 May 1980, he accepted Nilsen's invitation to come over to his
place. Nilsen strangled and subsequently drowned Duffey in the kitchen sink.
Billy Sutherland: Billy Sutherland was a 26-year-old father-of-one from Scotland who worked as a prostitute. Sutherland met Nilsen in a pub in
August, 1980. Nilsen could not remember how he murdered Sutherland; however, it was later revealed that Sutherland had been strangled by
Unidentified: The fifth victim was another man who worked as a prostitute; however, this man was never identified. All that is known is that he
was probably from the Philippines or Thailand.
6Unidentified: Nilsen could recall very little about this and the following two victims. All that Nilsen could remember about the sixth man was that
he was a young Irish labourer that Nilsen had met in the Cricklewood Arms.
Unidentified: Nilsen described the seventh victim as a starving "hippy-type" whom Nilsen had found sleeping in a doorway in Charing Cross.
Unidentified: Nilsen could recall little about his eighth victim, except that he kept the man's body under the floorboards of his flat, until he removed
the corpse and cut it into three pieces then put it back again. He burned the corpse one year later.
At some point between murders 6 and 8, on 10 November 1980, Nilsen attacked a Scottish barman named Douglas Stewart, whom Nilsen met at
the Golden Lion in Dean Street. Stewart woke up while being strangled, and was able to fend off his attacker. Although Stewart called the police
almost immediately after the attack, the officers refused to take action; reportedly they considered the incident to be a domestic disagreement.
Unidentified: The ninth victim was a young Scottish man who Nilsen met in the Golden Lion pub in Soho in January, 1981.
Unidentified: Another young Scottish man. Nilsen strangled him with a tie and placed the body under the floorboards.
Unidentified: Nilsen picked up his eleventh victim in Piccadilly Circus. The man was an English skinhead and had a tattoo around his neck reading
"cut here". The man had boasted to Nilsen about how tough he was and how he liked to fight. However, once he was drunk, he proved no match
for Nilsen, who hung the man's naked torso in his bedroom for a day, before burying the body under the floorboards.
Malcom Barlow: The 12th victim was a 24-year-old named Malcolm Barlow. Nilsen murdered Barlow on 18 September 1981. Nilsen found Barlow in
a doorway not far from his own home, took him in, and called an ambulance for him. When Barlow was released the next day, he returned to
Nilsen's home to thank him and was pleased to be invited in for a meal and a few drinks. Nilsen murdered Barlow that night. Barlow was the final
victim to be murdered at Melrose Avenue.
In October 1981, Nilsen moved to a new house in Muswell Hill.
In November 1981, Nilsen targeted Paul Nobbs, a student, at the Golden Lion in Soho, and invited Nobbs back to his new home. The student
awoke the next morning with little recollection of the previous evening's events, and later went to see his doctor because of some bruising that
had appeared on his neck. The doctor revealed that it appeared as if the student had been strangled, and advised him to go to the police.
However, Nobbs was concerned about what would happen if his sexual orientation were to be disclosed, and did not go to the police.
Following this, Nilsen targeted Carl Stotter, a drag queen known as Khara Le Fox at The Black Cap, in Camden. After passing out from
strangulation, Stotter became conscious while Nilsen was trying to drown him in a bath of cold water. Stotter managed to gasp air four times
before losing consciousness. Nilsen's dog then lapped Stotter's face and uncovered signs of life. Nilsen then led Stotter to a
railway station, through a forest and the two parted ways. Stotter, due to memory loss from the event and alcohol before, reportedly didn't
realise for several years that he had almost been killed.
John Howlett: Howlett had first met Nilsen in a West End pub in December 1981. In March, 1982, John Howlett was the first victim to be murdered
in Nilsen's Muswell Hill home. Howlett was one of the few who was able to fight back; however, Nilsen had taken a dislike to him and was
determined that he should die. There was a tremendous struggle, in which at one point Howlett even tried to strangle Nilsen back. Eventually,
Nilsen drowned Howlett, holding his head under water for five minutes. Nilsen dismembered Howlett's body, hid some of Howlett's body parts
around the house and flushed others down the toilet.
Graham Allen: Graham Allen was another troubled man; a father, originally from Scotland, whom Nilsen met in Shaftesbury Avenue in September,
1982. Nilsen took Allen to his home and prepared an omelette for him. Nilsen crept up on Allen while he was eating and strangled him to death.
After murdering Allen, Nilsen left Allen's body in the bath, unsure how to dispose of it. After three days, Nilsen dismembered him, like his previous
victim. Parts of Allens' remains were what led to the drains being blocked at the flats where Nilsen lived.
Stephen Sinclair: Nilsen's final victim was a 20-year-old man named Stephen Sinclair who was addicted to drugs and alcohol. Nilsen targeted
Sinclair in Oxford Street and bought the youth a hamburger. Nilsen then suggested that they go back to his place. After Sinclair drank alcohol and
used heroin at Nilsen's house, Nilsen strangled Sinclair and dismembered Sinclair's body. Nilsen recalled that the youth's wrists were covered in
slash marks from where Sinclair had recently tried to kill himself. This murder was on 26 January 1983, less than two weeks before Nilsen was
arrested. It was Sinclair's dismembered remains in the drain outside Nilsen's home that first alerted the police to Nilsen's murders.
Trial and sentence
Nilsen was brought to trial at the Old Bailey on 24 October 1983. He pleaded diminished responsibility as a defense, in order to seek a verdict of
guilty to manslaughter, but was convicted of six murders and two attempted murders. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on 4 November
1983. In 1993, he was given permission to give a televised interview from prison.
Nilsen's minimum term was set at 25 years by the trial judge, but the Home Secretary later imposed a whole life tariff, which meant he would
never be released. In 2006, he was denied any further requests for parole.
Nilsen is currently held at HMP Full Sutton maximum security prison in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
In 2001, while in Whitemoor Prison, he brought judicial review proceedings over the governor's decision not to allow him access to the gay
pornography magazine "Vulcan". This application was refused by the single judge at the permission stage. He did not establish that there was
any arguable case that a breach of his human rights had occurred, nor that the prison’s rules were discriminatory. He also failed to receive any
greater access to such materials as a result.
In 2003, he brought a further judicial review over a decision not to allow him to publish his autobiography, entitled The History of a Drowning Boy.
Nilsen is awaiting an appeal on this decision at the European Court of Human Rights.
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